ITEM 446ASPHALT CONCRETE

446.01Description

446.02JMF Field Adjustments

446.03Monitoring

446.04Reports

446.05Density Acceptance

446.06Joints

446.07Basis of Payment

 

446.01Description.This work consists of constructing a surface course or an intermediate course of aggregate and asphalt binder mixed in a central plant and spread and compacted on a prepared surface. The Department will base acceptance of the compacted mixture in place on the level of density attained as sampled by the Contractorand analyzed by the Department.

The requirements of Item 441 apply, except as modified by this specification.

446.02JMF Field Adjustments.Determine the need for any JMF gradation adjustments, provided for in 441.05, in the first 3 days or first 3000 tons (3000 metric tons) of production, whichever comes last.Give the DET written notice of JMF adjustments no later than the end of the following dayís production.

For projects smaller than the above JMF field adjustment period give the DET written notice of any JMF gradation adjustments within 1 workday following the last day of production.

446.03Monitoring.If there is poor comparison between the Departmentís comparison samples and the Contractorís quality control tests, the Monitoring Team may at any time disallow production to continue under Item 446.In this case, conform to Items 448 and 446.The Department will notify the Contractor in writing to stop production.

446.04Reports.Submit the Quality Control Report according to 441.11 on the workday following the production day of the material represented by the report.

446.05Density Acceptance.Use compaction equipment meeting the requirements of 401.13 or other types acceptable to the Director.A three-wheel roller is not required.††

Obtain 10 cores for the Department to test to determine the in-place density of the compacted mixture as a percentage of the average Maximum Specific Gravity (MSG) for the production day the material was placed.Compact shoulders using the same equipment and procedures as used on the mainline pavement.The requirements of 401.16, except for the last four paragraphs, are waived.

Payment for compaction of the completed mainline pavement and ramps is by Lot, based upon the degree to which density is attained.Payment for shoulders depends on the degree to which the density is obtained on the adjacent mainline pavement lane or ramp.However, when a cold longitudinal joint is made between a mainline pavement lane and an adjoining shoulder, payment for the shoulder will be based on the degree to which the density is obtained on the shoulder.

A Lot consists of an area of pavement placed during a production day, including the shoulders.If less than 400 tons (400 metric tons) is produced in a production day, then that production day is combined with the next production day into a single Lot.If greater than 250 tons (250 metric tons) and less than 400 tons (400 metric tons) is produced on the last day of production for the project, then the dayís production is a separate Lot.If less than 250 tons (250 metric tons) is produced on the last production day for the project, it is part of the previous Lot for acceptance, provided the previous Lot was placed within 3 days; otherwise, it is a separate Lot.

Within 48 hours after the pavement is placed, obtain ten cores for each Lot at random locations the Engineerdetermines. The Engineer will divide a Lot into five equal sublots and calculate two random core locations in each sublot as described below using an acceptable random number selection method. Both mainline pavement and ramps will be included in Lot determinations.The Engineer will not give the Contractorrandom core locations early in the Lot placement.The Engineer will tell the Contractor the method used to determine random locations as noted below before project start and will use the same method for all Lots.

For each Lot three cores will be taken as follows from cold longitudinal joints and seven cores will be taken from the mat not including the joints.If locations not according to this specification are given, immediately inform the Engineer.†† Do not take cores from ramp joints.Take joint cores from the first, last and randomly from one of the three middle sublots.Determine the longitudinal location of the joint core within the sublot randomly and also randomly determine whether or not the cold longitudinal joint core is to be taken from a confined or unconfined joint if both exist in the mat to be cored.Do not take cores on the sloped face of a wedge before the adjoining lane is placed.Take joint cores such that the core's closest edge is six inches (150 mm) from the edge of the joint upper notch of a wedge joint or 4 inches (100 mm) from the vertical face of a confined vertical face joint. If a nine inch or wider wedge joint is used take the core three inches from the upper wedge joint notch.Take the seven random mat cores that are not for the joint coring such that the core's closest edge is at least twelve inches from the cold longitudinal joint wedge joint upper notch or vertical face edge.If taken, locate cores for the Contractorís quality control (sister core) longitudinally from and within four inches (100 mm) of the random core.

The Department will determine the pay factor for each Lot cored by the pay schedule in Table 446.05-1 for Lots with three cold longitudinal joint cores and Table 446.05-2 for Lots with less than three cold longitudinal joint cores.The Department will verify the MTD if the MSG determination has a deviation from the MTD of less than or equal to 0.020.If the MTD is not verified, establish a new MTD according to the procedures established in 441.09.If less than 10 cores are available for determining the mean, the Laboratory will determine disposition of the Lot.

Fill core holes by the next workday.Before filling, ensure the holes are dry and tack them with asphalt material conforming to 407.02.Properly compact the asphalt concrete used for filling the hole and leave it flush with the pavement.

TABLE 446.05-1

FOR LOTS WITH 3 COLD JOINT CORES

Mean of Cores[1]

Pay Factor

Surface Course

Intermediate Course

98.0% or greater

[2]

[2]

97.0 to 97.9%

0.94

[2]

96.0 to 96.9%

1.00

0.94

93.4 to 95.9%

1.04[4]

1.00

92.4 to 93.3%

1.00

1.00

91.4 to 92.3%

0.98

1.00

90.4 to 91.3%

0.90

0.94

89.4 to 90.3%

0.80

0.88

88.4 to 89.3%

[3]

[3]

Less than 88.4%

[2]

[2]

[1]Mean of cores as percent of average MSG for the production day.

[2]For surface courses, remove and replace.For other courses, the District will determine whether the material may remain in place.If the District determines the course should be removed and replaced, the Contractorwill remove and replace this course and all courses paved on this course.The pay factor for material allowed to remain in place is 0.60.

[3]The District will determine whether the material may remain in place.If the District determines the course should be removed and replaced, the Contractorwill remove and replace this course and all courses paved on this course.The pay factor for such material allowed to remain in place is 0.70.

[4]No incentive will be paid if any single cold joint core is less than 91.0%.

 

TABLE 446.05-1

FOR LOTS WITH LESS THAN 3 COLD JOINT CORES

Mean of Cores[1]

Pay Factor

Surface Course

Intermediate Course

98.0% or greater

[2]

[2]

97.0 to 97.9%

0.94

[2]

96.0 to 96.9%

1.00

0.94

94.0 to 95.9%

1.04 [4]

1.00

93.0 to 93.9%

1.00

1.00

92.0 to 92.9%

0.98

1.00

91.0 to 91.9%

0.90

0.94

90.0 to 90.9%

0.80

0.88

89.0 to 89.9%

[3]

[3]

Less than 89.0%

[2]

[2]

[1]Mean of cores as percent of average MSG for the production day.

[2]For surface courses, remove and replace.For other courses, the District will determine whether the material may remain in place.If the District determines the course should be removed and replaced, the Contractorwill remove and replace this course and all courses paved on this course.The pay factor for material allowed to remain in place is 0.60.

[3]The District will determine whether the material may remain in place.If the District determines the course should be removed and replaced, the Contractorwill remove and replace this course and all courses paved on this course.The pay factor for such material allowed to remain in place is 0.70.

[4] No incentive will be paid for lots where 3 joint cores are required to be taken but less than 3 cores are taken.

 

446.06Joints.Construct joints according to 401.17.Make a hot longitudinal joint between the mainline pavement lane and the adjoining shoulder and all ramps and the adjoining shoulders.If a hot longitudinal joint is specified between the mainline pavement lanes, the Contractormay construct a cold longitudinal joint between the mainline pavement lanes and the adjoining shoulders.Cold longitudinal joints in mainline pavement will be tested according to 446.05.

446.07Basis of Payment.The Department will pay for accepted quantities, completed in place, at the contract prices, as modified by 446.05, as follows:

Item†††††††††† unit††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Description

446†††††††††††† Cubic Yard††††††††††††††††† AsphaltConcrete
†††††††††††††††††††††† (Cubic Meter)††††††††††††† Intermediate Course, Type ___

 

446†††††††††††† Cubic Yard††††††††††††††††† AsphaltConcreteSurface
†††††††††††††††††††††† (Cubic Meter)††††††††††††† Course, Type ___