The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990, as amended in
the ADA Amendments Act of 2008, is a civil rights statute that prohibits
discrimination against persons with disabilities. The ADA, along with Section 504 of the
Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (ADA/504) prohibit public entities from
discriminating against qualified persons with disabilities in providing access
to facilities and services that the public entity provides.
The ADA was signed into law on July 26, 1990, by President
George H.W. Bush. The ADA is one of America's most comprehensive pieces of
civil rights legislation that prohibits discrimination and guarantees that
people with disabilities have the same opportunities and access as everyone
else to participate in the mainstream of American life, including participating
in State and local government programs and services. Modeled after the Civil
Rights Act of 1964, which prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color,
religion, sex, or national origin – and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act
of 1973 -- the ADA is an "equal opportunity" law for people with
To be protected by the ADA, one must have a
disability, which is defined by the ADA as a physical or mental impairment that
substantially limits one or more major life activities, a person who has a
history or record of such an impairment, or a person who is perceived by others
as having such an impairment.
Title II of the ADA applies to State
and local government entities, including ODOT; which protects qualified
individuals with disabilities from discrimination on the basis of disability in
services, programs, and activities provided by State and local government
entities. Title II extends the prohibition on discrimination established by
section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended, 29 U.S.C. 794, to
all activities of State and local governments regardless of whether these
entities receive Federal financial assistance.
As the state agency responsible for designing,
building, and maintaining the transportation systems for the state of Ohio,
ODOT has ADA responsibilities in separate but equally important areas:
employment, public rights of way facilities, and facilities.