The Office of Management and Budget, a component of the Executive Office of the President, implements policies set by the President of the United States. Within OMB, the Office of Federal Financial Management implements the financial management improvement priorities of the President and establishes government-wide financial management policies of executive agencies. Grants Management is a key initiative of the Office of Federal Financial Management.
The grants awarded by the Office of Transit usually include Federal funds. All grantees receiving Federal funds must be aware of, and comply with the requirements of, OMB's Grants Management Circulars. These circulars are:
- Circular A–87, "Cost Principles for State, Local, and Indian Tribal Governments"
- Circular A–102, "Grants and Cooperative Agreements with State and Local Governments" (frequently referred to as the Grants Management Common Rule)
- Circular A–110, "Uniform Administrative Requirements for Grants and Other Agreements with Institutions of Higher Education, Hospitals and Other Non-Profit Organizations"
- Circular A–122, "Cost Principles for Non-Profit Organizations"
- Circular A–133, "Audits of States, Local Governments, and Non-Profit Organizations"
Local government grantees follow Circulars A–87, A–102, and A–133. Non-profit organization grantees follow Circulars A–110, A–122, and A–133.
Some of these circulars have been relocated to the Code of Federal Regulations as follows:
In late 2013, OMB streamlined the Federal government's guidance on Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal awards into 2 CFR Part 200, "Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards" (this link connects to the 2014 edition of this part). All of the circulars shown above have been superseded by this final guidance.
In addition, each Federal agency codifies (in the Code of Federal Regulations) its own version of Circulars A–102 and A–110. Federal funds awarded by the Office of Transit are allocated to Ohio by the Federal Transit Administration of the U.S. Department of Transportation. Therefore, grantees must be aware of, and comply with the requirements of, the following U.S. DOT rules: