Federal legislation requires each state to have and implement a State Safety and Security Oversight program for its rail transit systems. ODOT's Ohio Rail Fixed Guideway System Safety and Security Oversight Program fulfills this requirement. ODOT's System Safety and Security Program Standard (SSPS) describes the program and defines the respective roles and responsibilities of ODOT, transit agencies and the FTA in its implementation.
The Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority (GCRTA) operates a rail transit system (Rapid Transit). The original portion of this system has been in operation since 1913. The Cincinnati Streetcar, a joint project of the City of Cincinnati and the Southwest Ohio Regional Transit Authority (SORTA), is under construction with operations anticipated to begin in September 2016. GCRTA and SORTA are required to submit a System Safety Program Plan (SSPP) and System Security Plan (SSP) to ODOT that complies with the requirements of the SSPS.