304.03Prior to Spreading



304.06Finished Surface

304.07Method of Measurement

304.08Basis of Payment


304.01Description.This work consists of furnishing, placing, and compacting one or more courses of aggregate, including furnishing and incorporating all water required for compacting, on a prepared surface.

304.02Materials.Furnish materials conforming to 703.17.

304.03Prior to Spreading.The Engineerwill sample the Contractorís stockpile to determine the initial moisture content to be used for compaction.The Engineer will develop a moisture-density curve according to Supplement 1015.

Use material that is reasonably uniform with moisture.Use a moisture content not less than -2 percent of optimum moisture prior to spreading.Add water to the stockpiles to meet this moisture requirement.Handle the material in a manner to minimize segregation.If segregation occurs, thoroughly mix or regrade the stockpile.

304.04Spreading.Spread the material on the prepared surface.Do not spread on frozen material.Do not use frozen material.

Do not exceed a compacted lift thickness of 8 inches (200 mm) when using vibratory rollers greater than 12 tons (11 metric tons).Do not exceed a compacted lift thickness of 6 inches (200 mm) when using 10 to 12-ton (9 to 11 metric tons) vibratory rollers.Do not exceed a maximum compacted lift thickness of 4 inches (100 mm) when these vibratory rollers are not used.

The Contractormay elect to use a lighter roller if the centrifugal force exceeds the minimum weight.In all cases, submit documentation proving the minimum weight requirements are met.

Place the material in two or more approximately equal lifts when the specified compacted thickness exceeds 8 inches (200 mm).

Place the material with self-propelled spreading machines capable of placing the material true to line and grade.Spreadingmachines such as spreader boxes or pavers are allowed.The Contractormay use dozers without spreader boxes or graders, but the Department will take in place gradation tests according to Supplement 1090.

The Contractormay use hand-placing methods when the total area of the material is 2000 square yards (1700 m2) or less, or in small areas where machine spreading is impractical.The Department will not take in place gradation tests in these small areas.

The Department may test for in place gradation after spreading but before compaction testing according to Supplement 1090.

304.05Compaction.The Department will measure the compaction according to Supplement 1015.

Add water to the material or dry the material to bring it to within +/- 2 percent of optimum moisture prior to the compaction operation.Maintain this moisture range during all compaction operations.The Engineerwill determine the percentage of moisture to apply or to be dried from the material.uniformly apply the water or dry the material throughout the lift and in a manner that does not soften or disturb the lower courses.Reduce the moisture content if the material becomes unstable during the compaction operations.

Compact each lift of material immediately after the spreading operations.Depending on the lift thickness used, use vibratory rollers with a minimum weight or centrifugal force of 10 or 12 tons (9 to 11 metric tons).The Contractormay use light rollers or vibratory equipment in small areas as specified in 304.04 or when heavier rollers are not practical.Approved compaction equipment may consist of vibratory rollers, static rollers, or vibratory equipment.

At the beginning of the compaction operation, construct a short test section.The Engineerwill determine the density requirements according to Supplement 1015.Use a minimum compactive effort of eight passes to construct the test section.Use and adjust the vibration on the vibratory rollers to maximize the density and stability.

The Engineerwill use 98 percent of the test section maximum dry density for the acceptanceof the production material.Use at least the same number of passes and compactive effort used to obtain the test section maximum density for the production material.At a minimum, use eight passes in the production area. The Engineer may reduce the minimum passes if the passes are detrimental to compaction

Construct a new test section when the material changes or when the supporting materials change appreciably.

The Engineermay check the production material density before or after the finishing operations.

Maintain the surface of each lift during the compaction operations in such a manner that the surface texture is reasonably uniform and the aggregate material is firmly keyed.

Cover the Item 304 AggregateBasewith the next layer of pavement before the end of the construction season.If the aggregate base is not covered up, then assume all liability for the contamination, damage and instability for the base, subgrade and underdrains.

Provide drainage and maintain the material according to 203.04.A.

304.06Finished Surface.Ensure that the finished surface does not vary more than 3/8 inch (10 mm) from a 10-foot (3 m) straightedge parallel to the centerline or more than 1/2 inch (13 mm) from a template conforming to the required cross-section.Furnish straightedges, templates, or other devices satisfactory to the Engineer, and check the surface for conformance with these requirements.

All work must be performed within the tolerances of 304.06.Do not construct the 304 at a consistent depth below the required minimum compacted depth thickness.When the depth is found to be less than the required depth, follow the corrective procedures outlined in Section 304.06.A on pages 264 and 265 of the 2002 Construction InspectionManual of Procedures.

304.07Method of Measurement.The Department will measure AggregateBaseby the number of cubic yards (cubic meters) computed from the profile grade and typical sections, compacted in place.

Where variable depth is specified, the Department will measure the number of cubic yards (cubic meters) of aggregate by conversion from weight on the following basis:




Crushed stone



Crushed gravel



Crushed slag, 90 lb/ft3
(1450 kg/m3)[1]



Crushed slag, 90 to 100 lb/ft3
(1450 to 1600 kg/m3)[1]



Crushed slag more than 100 lb/ft3
(1600 kg/m3)[1]



Granulated slag



[1]Based on average dry rodded weight of standard size of slag aggregates on record at the Laboratory.The conversion factors listed are the long gradation weights.These numbers are based on the dry rodded weights of No. 67, 57, or 8 gradation.The Department will determine slag weights based on weights obtained from the original source.


The Department will verify that the moistures of the delivered material are less than 2 percent above saturated surface dry (SSD).If the moisture is greater than 2 percent above SSD, then the Department will calculate the number of cubic yards (cubic meters) based on the dry density and dry weight.

The Department will determine the pounds per cubic yard (kilograms per cubic meter) for aggregate mixtures by using 100 percent of the test section maximum dry density obtained in 304.05.

304.08Basis of Payment.The Department will pay for accepted quantities at the contract price as follows:

Item†††††††††† unit††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Description

304†††††††††††† Cubic Yard††††††††††††††††††††† AggregateBase
†††††††††††††††††††††† (Cubic Meter)