712  MISCELLANEOUS

712.01  Expansion Shield Anchors.  Furnish anchors conforming to the dimension requirements of the project plans and the following:

A.      Type A. Federal Specification  A-A-1923A, and  A-A-55614.

B.      Type B. Federal Specification  A-A-1924A.

The supplier or producer of the anchors will provide a certification showing certified test results of the proof load required in the Federal Specifications.

Furnish materials according to the Department’s Qualified Products List (QPL).

712.02  Calcium Chloride.  Furnish calcium chloride according to ASTM D 98. 

Furnish materials according to the Department’s Qualified Products List (QPL).

712.03  Sodium Chloride.  Furnish sodium chloride according to ASTM D 632, Type I, Grade 1, with the following modification:

4  Total Chlorides (NaCl, CaCl2, and MgCl2 as NaCl based on dry weight) not less than 97 percent.

712.04  Lime and Lime Kiln Dust.

A.      Furnish hydrated lime for masonry purposes according to ASTM C 207, Type S.

B.      Furnish quick lime for soil stabilization that is certified according to Supplement 1087 and listed on the Department’s Qualified Products List (QPL) and according to ASTM C 977, with the following modification:        

4.2.1 Particle size of Quick Lime – Quick lime shall all pass the No. 4 (4.75 mm) sieve.

C.      Furnish lime kiln dust for soil stabilization that is certified according to Supplemental 1087.  Lime kiln dust is a by-product of making lime. Furnish lime kiln dust that meets the following requirements.  Perform chemical analysis of the lime kiln dust according to ASTM C 25.

Combined total calcium oxide and magnesium oxide

50 % minimum

Available calcium hydroxide (rapid sugar test, ASTM C25),
plus total MgO content calculated to be equivalent Ca(OH)2

30 % minimum

Loss on ignition (carbon dioxide plus moisture, combined and free on as-received basis)

40 % maximum

Free water (as-received basis)

4 % maximum

Sulfur as SO3

10 % maximum

 

Sieve analysis.

Sieve Size

Minimum Percent Passing

No. 4       (4.75 mm)

95

No. 30     (600 µm)

90

No. 100   (150 µm)

75

 

Submit test results for the above requirements for every 100 tons (90 metric tons) of lime kiln dust supplied to the Department.  If multiple tests were performed, include the average and standard deviation with the results.

712.06  Preservative Treatment for Structural Timber, Lumber, Piling, Posts, Braces, and Blocks.

A.      General.  Furnish structural timber, lumber, and pilings according to 711.26, and posts, braces, and blocks according to 710.14, except that moisture may be removed from the untreated lumber at the time of preservative treatment.  Ensure that structural timber, lumber, piling, posts, and braces conform to the current AWPA standards and this subsection.  The minimum retention for blocks is 0.40 pounds per cubic foot (6.4 kg/m3).

B.      Materials.  Furnish timber preservatives according to AASHTO M 133.

C.      Preparation for Treatment.  Sort the material into one kind or designated group of kinds of wood and into pieces of approximately equal size and moisture and sapwood content.  Separate material to ensure contact of treating medium with all surfaces.

D.      Framing.  Conduct all adzing, boring, chamfering, framing, graining, mortising, and surfacing before treatment.

E.      Incising.  Incise lumber 3 inches (75 mm) or more thick on all four sides.  Incise lumber less than 3 inches (75 mm) thick on the wide faces only, except as shown on the plans.

Incise Douglas fir with a minimum dimension of 2 inches (50 mm) using a suitable power-driven machine before treatment.  Do not incise Douglas fir rails and rail posts.

Use the spacing and shape of the cutting teeth and the method of incising necessary to produce a uniform penetration.  The minimum required depths of the incisions are as follows:

Size[1]

Minimum depth of incision, inch (mm)

2 x 12

(50x300)

3/8

(9)

3 x 12

(75x300)

7/16

(11)

4 x 12

(100x300)

1/2

(13)

8 x 10

(200x250)

9/16

(14)

10 x 12

(250x300)

5/8

(16)

12 x 12

(300x300)

3/4

(19)

[1]  Intermediate size in proportion.

 

F.      Amount of Preservative.  The required net retention in any charge is no less than 90 percent of the quantity of preservative specified, but the average retention by the material treated under any contract or order and the average retention of any five consecutive charges are required to be at least 100 percent of the quantity specified.  Ensure that the minimum amounts of preservative retained conform to AASHTO M 133 and the requirements set forth in the referenced AWPA Standard.  Treat all species of structural timber, lumber, piling, posts, and blocks according to the current AWPA standards.

G.     Acceptance.  Accept only structural timber, lumber, piling, posts, braces, and blocks according to Supplement 1072

712.09  Geotextile Fabrics.   Furnish fabric composed of strong rot-proof polymeric fibers formed into a woven or non-woven fabric. Products must be tested by the National Transportation Product Evaluation Program (NTPEP). The Department will determine acceptance of Type A, B, C and D fabric according to data obtained in the most current NTPEP report – Laboratory Results of Evaluations on Geotextiles and Geosynthetics. The NTPEP testing results must meet or exceed the requirements listed in Table 712.09-1. For all tests except Ultraviolet Exposure, the products Minimum Average Roll Values (MARV), as published in the NTPEP report, must also meet or exceed the requirements listed in the table. If no MARV value is published in the NTPEP report, the manufacturer must submit to the Department certified test data showing the MARV values for the product will meet or exceed the requirements listed in Table 712.09-1.

For Type E material, supply fabric conforming to the requirements of AASHTO M288, Section 10, Table 8. The Department will accept Type E material based on certified test data.

All minimum strengths shown are in the weakest principal direction.

Ensure that the fabric is free of any treatment that might significantly alter its physical properties.

During shipment and storage, wrap the fabric in a heavy-duty protective covering to protect it from UV deterioration, direct sunlight, dirt, dust, and other debris.

Furnish materials according to the Department’s Qualified Products List (QPL).

Table 712.09-1

Property

Test Method

Required Value

Type A: Underdrains and Slope Drains

Minimum tensile strength

ASTM D 4632

80 lb

355 N

Minimum puncture strength [1]

ASTM D 6241

140 lb

625 N

 

or ASTM D 4833

25 lb

110 N

Minimum tear strength

ASTM D 4533

25 lb

110 N

Apparent opening size

ASTM D 4751

 

 

   Soil Type-1: Soils with 50% or less passing
  No. 200 (75 µm) sieve

AOS < 0.6 mm

   Soil Type-2: Soils with 50 to 85% passing
  No. 200 (75 µm) sieve

AOS < 0.3 mm

Minimum permittivity

ASTM D 4491

0.5 sec-1

Type B: Filter Blankets for Rock Channel Protection

Minimum tensile strength

ASTM D 4632

200 lb

890 N

Minimum elongation

ASTM D 4632

15%

Minimum puncture strength [1]

ASTM D 6241

440 lb

1955 N

 

or ASTM D 4833

80 lb

355 N

Minimum tear strength

ASTM D 4533

50 lb

220 N

Apparent opening size

ASTM D 4751

AOS < 0.6 mm

Minimum permittivity

ASTM D 4491

0.2 sec-1

Type C: Sediment Fences

 

 

 

Minimum tensile strength

ASTM D 4632

120 lb

535 N

Maximum elongation

ASTM D 4632

50%

Minimum puncture strength [1]

ASTM D 6241

275 lb

1225 N

 

or ASTM D 4833

50 lb

220 N

Minimum tear strength

ASTM D 4533

40 lb

180 N

Apparent opening size

ASTM D 4751

AOS < 0.84 mm

Minimum permittivity

ASTM D 4491

0.01 sec-1

Ultraviolet exposure strength retention [2]

ASTM D 4355

70%

Type D: Subgrade-Base Separation or Stabilization

Minimum tensile strength

ASTM D 4632

180 lb

800 N

Maximum elongation

ASTM D 4632

50%

Minimum puncture strength [1]

ASTM D 6241

385 lb

1715 N

 

or ASTM D 4833

70 lb

310 N

Minimum tear strength

ASTM D 4533

70 lb

310 N

Apparent opening size

ASTM D 4751

Same as Type A

Permittivity

ASTM D 4491

0.05 sec-1

[1]  ASTM D6241 is now the standard puncture resistance test required by AASHTO and NTPEP. NTPEP will continue to publish product data, tested under ASTM D4833, until the product is retested under ASTM D6241.

[2]  Provide certified test data to the Department. Include strength retention data at 0, 150, 300, and 500 hours

 

712.10  Prefabricated Edge Underdrain.  Furnish prefabricated edge underdrain consisting of a polymeric core with a minimum thickness of 1 inch (25 mm) wrapped in fabric according to 712.09, Type A.  Ensure that the underdrain is flexible, rectangular in shape, and of hollow construction.  Use core material that is resistant to petroleum-based chemicals, naturally occurring soil chemicals, and road de-icing agents.  The core material will have sufficient flexibility to withstand bending and handling during installation without damage.  The core will provide a minimum of 100 square inches (0.064 m2) unobstructed (one side only) drainage area per 1 foot (0.3 m) of width.  Side walls of the core will have at least 5 percent open area to permit unobstructed flow through the filter and wall to the core.  The required minimum compressive strength of the prefabricated edge drain is 6000 pounds per square foot (290 kPa) with a maximum 20 percent compression in a parallel plate compression test (ASTM D 695).  The minimum (single side) core flow capacity is 10 gallons per minute per foot of width for a 0.1 gradient at 10 pounds per square inch bladder load according to ASTM D 4716.  Furnish the manufacturer’s certified test results as specified 101.03.

712.11  Temporary Erosion Control Mats Materials.  Unless specifically itemized, furnish any of the type mats listed below.  Provide certified test data for each shipment of material.

A.      Type A Temporary Erosion Control Mat.  Conform to the following:

1.      A machine-produced mat consisting of 100 percent agricultural straw covered on the top with a polypropylene netting having an approximate 1/4 x 1/4 inch to 1/2 x 1/2 inch (6 x 6 mm to 13 x 13 mm) mesh, and sewn together with biodegradable or photodegradable thread.

2.      A consistent thickness with the straw evenly distributed over the entire area of the mat.

3.      A minimum mat width of 6.5 feet (2 m).

4.      An average mat weight of 0.5 pound per square yard (270 g/m2) ± 10 percent.

5.      A netting weight of approximately 1 pound per 1000 square feet (5 kg/1000 m2).

B.      Type B Temporary Erosion Control Mat.  Conform to the following:

1.      A machine-produced mat consisting of 100 percent agricultural straw covered on the top with a photodegradable polypropylene netting having an approximate 1/2 x 1/2 inch to 5/8 x 5/8 inch (13 x 13 mm to 16 x 16 mm) mesh and on the bottom with a photodegradable polypropylene netting having an approximate 1/4 x1/4 inch to 1/2 x1/2 inch (6 x 6 mm to 13 x 13 mm) mesh, sewn together with biodegradable or photodegradable thread.

2.      A consistent thickness with the straw evenly distributed over the entire area of the mat.

3.      A minimum mat width of 6.5 feet (2 m).

4.      An average mat weight of 0.5 pound per square yard (270 g/m2) ±10 percent.

5.      A top netting weight of approximately 3 pounds per 1000 square feet (15 kg/1000 m2) and a bottom netting weight of approximately 1 pound per 1000 square feet (5 kg/1000 m2).

C.      Type C Temporary Erosion Control Mat.  Conform to the following:

1.      A machine-produced mat consisting of 70 percent agricultural straw and 30 percent coconut fiber covered on the top with a photodegradable polypropylene netting having an approximate 5/8 x 5/8 inch (16 x 16 mm) mesh and on the bottom with a photodegradable polypropylene netting having an approximate 1/4 x 1/4 inch (6 x 6 mm) mesh, sewn together with cotton thread.

2.      A consistent thickness with the straw and coconut fiber evenly distributed over the entire area of the mat.

3.      A minimum mat width of 6.5 feet (2 m).

4.      An average mat weight of 0.5 pound per square yard (270 g/m2) ± 10 percent.

5.      A top netting weight of approximately 3 pounds per 1000 square feet (15 kg/1000 m2) and a bottom netting weight of approximately 1 pound per 1000 square feet (5 kg/1000 m2).

E.      Type E Temporary Erosion Control Mat.  Conform to the following:

1.      A machine-produced mat consisting of 100 percent coconut fiber covered on the top and bottom with an ultraviolet stabilized polypropylene netting having an approximate 5/8 x 5/8 inch (16 x16 mm) mesh, and sewn together with polyester thread.

2.      A consistent thickness with the coconut fiber evenly distributed over the entire area of the mat.

3.      A minimum mat width of 6.5 feet (2 m).

4.      An average mat weight of 0.5 pound per square yard (270 g/m2) ± 10 percent.

5.      An  ultraviolet stabilized polypropylene netting with a weight of approximately 3 pounds per 1000 square feet (15 kg/1000 m2).

F.      Type F Temporary Erosion Control Mat.  Conform to the following:

1.      A uniform open plain weave of undyed and unbleached single jute yarn.

2.      Loosely twisted yarn not varying in thickness by more than one-half its normal diameter.

3.      Furnish mats in rolled strips with:

a.      A minimum length of 50 yards (46 m).

b.      A width of 48 inches ± 1 inch (1.2 m ± 25 mm).

c.      Warp ends width 81 ± 3.

d.      Weft ends per yard (meter) 41 ± 3 (49 ± 3).

e.      An average weight of 1.22 pounds per linear yard (0.6 kg/m) ± 10 percent.

G.     Type G Temporary Erosion Control Mat.  Conform to the following:

1.      A machine-produced mat consisting of wood excelsior, 80 percent of which is at least 8 inches (200 mm) in length.

2.      Excelsior cut from wood that is properly cured to achieve adequately curled and barbed fibers.

3.      A consistent thickness with the fiber evenly distributed over the entire area of the mat.

4.      For use in ditches or channels, cover the top and bottom of the excelsior with lightweight netting entwined with the excelsior for maximum strength and ease of handling, or cover the top only with heavyweight netting machine sewn on maximum 2 to 4-inch (51 to 102 mm) centers along the longitudinal axis of the material.  For all other applications, cover the top with lightweight netting entwined with the excelsior for maximum strength and ease of handling.

5.      Regardless of application, lightweight netting consists of either netting having a maximum 3 x 1 inch (75 x 25 mm) weave, twisted craft [check spelling] paper yarn having a high web strength or biodegradable plastic.

6.      Mat widths of 24, 36, 48, or 78 inches (0.6, 0.9, 1.2, or 2 m) or greater, ±1 inch (±25 mm).

7.      Mat rolls of more than 90 feet (27.5 m) in length.

8.      A mat weight of not less than 0.72 pound per square yard (390 g/m2) constant weight, air dry.

I.       Type I Temporary Erosion Control Mat.  Conform to the following:

1.      Extruded polymeric plastic net having a mesh opening of approximately 3/4 x 3/4 inch (20 x 20 mm).

2.      A netting with an average weight of 3 pounds per 1000 square feet (15 kg/1000 m2) ± 10 percent and a minimum tensile strength of 15 pounds over a 3-inch width (67 N over a 77 mm width) in the weakest principal direction.

 

712.12  Tied Concrete Block Mat.  Furnish materials tested to ASTM D6460. The Department will determine acceptance of Type 1, 2, and 3 based on independent third party test data.  The acceptable stability threshold shear values are:

Type 1:     3 lbf/ft˛     (140 Pa)

Type 2:     5 lbf/ft˛     (240 Pa)

Type 3:     7 lbf/ft˛     (340 Pa)

 

Furnish products according to the Departments Qualified Products List (QPL).

  

712.13  Articulating Concrete Block Revetment System.  Furnish materials according to ASTM D6684 and tested according to ASTM D7277.  The Department will determine acceptance of Type 1, 2, 3 based on independent third party test data. The acceptable stability threshold shear values are:

Type 1:     17 lbf/ft˛   (810 Pa)

Type 2:     20 lbf/ft˛   (960 Pa)

Type 3:     23 lbf/ft˛   (1100 Pa)

 

Furnish products according to the Departments Qualified Products List (QPL).