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Drug and Alcohol Program 

Public transit systems must establish a drug and alcohol testing program to achieve a drug- and alcohol-free work force in the interest of the health and safety of employees and the public.  This includes conducting drug and alcohol testing of safety-sensitive transit employees.  The requirements are set forth in the following regulations:

  • 49 CFR part 655 (2012), "Prevention of Alcohol Misuse and Prohibited Drug Use in Transit Operations"
  • 49 CFR part 40 (2010), "Procedures for Transportation Workplace Drug and Alcohol Testing Programs" (prescribes the testing methods to be followed) 

Who Must Comply? Any recipient of Federal financial assistance under 49 U.S.C. Sections 5307, 5309, and 5311 of the Federal Transit Act, as amended or any recipient of Federal financial assistance under Section 103(e)(4) of title 23 of the United States Code must comply with these regulations.

Program Requirements: All systems that must comply must develop a drug and alcohol testing program which meets the requirements of the Federal Transit Administration.  This includes having a policy in place that addresses the requirements set forth in the regulation, training both safety-sensitive employees and supervisors, testing safety-sensitive employees in accordance with the procedures set forth in the regulation, and adhering to the administrative procedures set forth in the regulation.

Annual MIS Reports are due:

Urban Transit Systems:  March 15

Rural Transit Systems:  Early February



Training Materials
Federal Regulations



​Iyon Rosario
Drug and Alcohol Program Manager
Office of Transit Safety and Oversight
Federal Transit Administration
(202) 366-2010

Rural Transit Systems:
David Walker
Compliance Officer
(614) 644-0301